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The Haik Calendar
[Metsamor


Tour Armenia

The actual beginning of a calendar in Armenia goes back to Navasardi 1 (August 11th), 2492 BCE, when King Haik defeated the Babylonian King Bel (Nemruth). In order to commemorate the event in following years, he changed the first day of the year to August 11, and renamed each month of the year (less two) using his ten sons and daughters names.

The Haik calendar was based on twelve months (each month had 30 days), plus 5 days collectively called Aveliats. This combination (12x30) + 5 = 365 days in a year.

However the actual solar year on earth is 365 and one quarter day (less about 11 minutes). Over four years time, these quarter days give us one complete day. The effect of the Haik calendar was that every four years, New Years and other holidays arrived the day before, two days before every eight years, etc. until they reappeared on their original day after 1460 years. .

This 1460 cycle of time was named the "Haikia" or "Hayots" cycle of time, which was also used in Egypt. In the 552 CE council at Dvin, it was decided to use a new system for counting years, called Hayots Mets Tvakane (Armenian Great Numbers), which partially corrected the problem but it was not until 1084 that the Armenian scientist Hovhannes Sarkavag initiated a new "small year" system of counting which added one day every four years (leap days). This system ended the moving of the days on the calendar.

According to the Haik Calendar, 1997 CE is year 4490 (give or take 11 minutes).


Days of the Month
Each day of the month had a name. Months had 30 days, adding to 360 days. The five additional days were collectively called Aveliats. The names of the month are include well known ancient gods and Armenian god-kings, most likely representing the earliest pantheon of pagan Armenian religion. 

 

1.  Areg 11.  Yerezkan 21.  G'r'gur
2. Hrand 12.  Ani 22.  Korduik
3.  Aram 13.  Parkhar 23.  Tz'mak
4.  Margar 14.  Vanatur 24.  Lus'nak
5.  Ahrank 15.  Aramazd 25.  Tsron
6.  Mazdegh 16.  Mani 26.  N'pat
7.  Astghik 17.  Asak 27.  Vahag'n
8.  Mih'r 18.  Masis 28.  Sis
9.  Dzopaber 19.  Anahit 29.  Varag
10.  Murts 20.  Aragatz 30.  Gisheravar


Months of the Year
Names of the months were altered by King Haik in celebration of his victory over Bel (Nemruth).  Haik gave names to each of his 10 children (Sons marked in blue, daughters in red).  Two older names were retained (marked in orange).
 
 

Haik Calendar Name

Dates in Current Time
1.  Navasard Aug. 11 - Sep. 9
2.  Hori Sep. 10 - Oct. 9
3.  Sah'mi Oct. 10 - Nov. 8
4.  Tre Nov. 9 - Dec. 8
5.  Kaghots Dec. 9 - Jan. 7
6.  Arats Jan. 8 - Feb. 6
7.  Mehekan Feb. 7 - Mar. 8
8.  Areg Mar. 9 - Apr. 7
9.  Ahekan Apr. 8 - May 7
10. Mareri May 8 - Jun. 6
11. Margats Jun. 7 - Jul. 6
12. Hratits Jul. 7 - Aug. 5
Aveliats Aug. 6 - Aug. 10

Haik's Daughter Names

Haik's Son Names

Older Names


HOURS OF THE DAY
Each hour of the day had a name, with the first hour occuring from 6-7 a.m.
 
 

Haik Name

Hour of the Day
Aig 6 - 7 
Tsaik 7 - 8
Zoratsial 8 - 9 
Djaragaitial 9 - 10
Sharaveghial 10 - 11
Yekratial 11 - 12
Shantakogh 12 - 13
Hrakat 14 - 15
Hurtuvial 15 - 16
Paghantial 16 - 17
Aragot 17 - 18
Artvogh 18 - 19
Khavarak 19 - 20
Aghjanughj 20 - 21
Mtatsial 21 - 22
Shaghavot 22 - 23
Kamavot 23 - 24
Bavakan 0 - 1
Khotavial 1 - 2
Gigak 2 - 3
Lusakn 3 - 4
Aravot 4 - 5
Pailatzol 5 - 6




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